Fundamental Rights

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Article 19 and the Freedom of Speech and Expression

Article 19 is an international human rights organization, that focuses on safeguarding and promoting the concept of  freedom of expression worldwide. The group enforces that this right is necessary to strengthen democracy and pre-empt conflict and war. Article 19 enforces its principles in collaboration with several national government and non-profit organizations. In fact, Article 19’s network is spread in over 30 countries across Africa, Europe, Latin America, Middle East and Asia, Latin America and the Middle East - to lead institutional, cultural and legal change.

Equal Pay for Equal Work in India

The principle of ‘equal pay for equal work’ has an important place in India. It is read with Article 39(d) and Article 14 of the Constitution of India. During the 1970s and the 1980s, the Supreme Court applied this principle liberally, without demanding clear proof in the pleadings.

Adoption in India

Adoption in India is far from easy. In fact, it is very time consuming because there are so many procedures involved. The long process is definitely worth the wait once you feel the little bundle of joy in your arms! Currently, the Indian government is taking effective measures to catalyze the adoption process.

Seeking Legal Protection with Writs

Writs are extraordinary legal remedies offered to individuals who do not obtain adequate protection under ordinary laws. Articles 32 and 226 of the Constitution of India empower individuals, whose rights have been violated, to seek legal cover through writs. Article 32 is intended to dispute the violation of a fundamental right only in the Supreme Court. Article 226 supports enforcement of any right, including a fundamental right, at a High Court.

Understanding the Components of your Compensation Pay

Most of us fail to understand the difference between the cost to company (CTC) and the net salary. Cost to company is the aggregate of all forms of compensation and benefits offered by the company, while the net salary is the total amount received after deducting net tax liability on each component. People are often quick to become elated on receiving a higher CTC, failing to realize that the actual increase in the amount they receive in-hand may be marginal. This makes it necessary to understand the various components of CTC, which affect your in-hand salary directly.

Women's Reservation Bill: Empowering Women or Inhibiting Merit?

March 9, incidentally a day after International Women’s Day, witnessed the historic sanction of the controversial Women's Reservation Bill in the Rajya Sabha. The sanction happened after more than a decade of deliberation, with constant resistance from majority of members of the House. In fact, several opponents of the Women’s Bill turned physically hostile while the House was in session, a day before the Bill was passed. Seven such House members were voted to be suspended for the remaining term for their behavior.

Protection of Dalit Rights

Over six decades has passed since India attained her independence. However, an archaic practice like untouchability continues to prevail in the nation, subtly as well as openly. Be it on the name of educational backwardness or economic dependence on landowners, untouchables or Dalits have been the target of atrocities in India for centuries. Widely acknowledged as outcasts, Dalits endure segregation in public places, including schools and hospitals. Moreover, majority of the segment lives below the poverty line.

Discriminatory System of Guardianship in Saudi Arabia

In June 2009, the United Nations Human Rights Council reviewed the human rights record of Saudi Arabia. The Saudi government was asked to put an end to the legal guardianship system, which it duly accepted. However, it did not do anything to put it into effect as promised. 

It is a regrettable fact that there is no panel code in Saudi Arabia cataloguing actions that should be deemed criminal activities. Judges have the freedom to treat any action they find improper as a criminal activity. At their own discretion they punish the perpetrators the way they see suitable. This is especially true in case of women who are suffering from the cruel discriminatory system of guardianship widespread in the country.

Hindu Women Become 'Equals,' Thanks to the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005

Hindu Daughters Become Equal Coparceners in Family Property

The 2005 HSA includes all daughters, particularly married daughters as coparceners in family property with the same birth rights as sons.