The meaning of the term malafide is bad faith, deceptive intention or dishonest motive. It is the fraudulent deception of another person, or the intentional refusal to perform a particular act or contractual obligation. The intentional or malicious violation of rights of a person is an exhibition of bad faith.
Arbitration is a method of resolving a dispute outside the Court of law. The oldest concept of arbitration act is the panchaiti. This process involves the concerned parties approaching one or more persons of their choice to act as arbitrators or arbiters. The third party reviews the case and tries to settle the dispute; however, both parties must agree to bide by the decision of the arbitrator.
The Communal Violence Bill in its current form faces objections from several quarters, including major anti-communal groups and secular activists in India. They opine that the bill poses a huge threat to the integrity and unity of the country.
The moment you switch on any news channel or flip through newspaper headlines, you will notice that there are editorials and breaking news coverage to reflect how people react to a given policy or activity undertaken by a government. Have you wondered why it is given prime time coverage? The truth is that administrative laws are made to benefit the citizens.
Public administration is a government’s functional arm that enables it to discharge growing responsibilities within an organized framework of well-established procedures. The quality of public administration determines the efficiency with which a government is able to reach out to fulfill the needs of its people and carry forward its objectives into practice.
As a discipline, public administration has been approached from different angles. These different approaches are briefly discussed below.
Different countries have different rules about the right of public employees to associate with trade unions or associations. In India, no legal restriction is imposed on individuals on joining public employees associations or any trade unions. Even civil servants in India are allowed to form their own associations but they are not allowed to join or form any political party while they are in service. There are so many public employees associations in India such as All India Postal and RMS Union, All India Railwaymen's Federation and so on.
Indians across the country dread walking into a government office for any purpose because there are so many procedures that need to be complied with. Indian administrative laws are relevant because you need to know it so that you can comply with the specific procedures that are a part of it. This is to ensure that it does not work on the whims and fancies of the officers. In fact, every government conducts its day-to-day functioning through procedures.