Indian law places utmost importance on evidence. Ocular evidence is an oral testimony pertaining to a crime as seen and stated by an eye witness before a court of law. On the other hand, medical evidence is given by medical experts, such as doctors. Sometimes during legal trials, there can be conflict between medical evidence and ocular evidence, regarding the murder weapon that is used.
India legal news reports that honor killing incidents are increasing at a frightening rate in different parts of the country. Every morning, you can find at least one such incident reported officially. Imagine what the actual number of figures might be really like. Honor killings take place in India, irrespective of a person’s religious, economic or cultural background. Indian law does not specifically recognize honor killing as a criminal offence. It is unfortunate that most honor killings in India take place based on the directions of khap panchayats. The purpose is to ‘save’ family reputation.
Children related laws and issues are of great importance in any developing country. The legal rights of children in India, given their emotional, mental, psychological and physical status, mandates that they should be treated as a special category. Indian law requires child abuse victims to be offered special medical treatment and care in such difficult situations. According to the basic tenets of juvenile justice, it is the state’s responsibility to care for the needs of children and juveniles. The state has to provide adequate infrastructure to support their developmental requirements as well.
Did you know that nearly one lakh Indians commit suicide every year? Shocking, isn’t it? But this is a fact. The suicide rates in India vary from state to state, depending upon literacy rate, socio-economic status, cultural background and so on.
The Constitution of India assures various rights to its citizens even when they are arrested in criminal cases. It will help to know the circumstances that can lead to one’s arrest and the rights that one can exercise during and after the arrest.
A registered trade union, under the Indian Trade Union Act, is entitled to various benefits, privileges, protections, immunities and exclusive rights, compared to unregistered trade unions.
We often come across the term Indian Penal Code (IPC) in newspapers or television. However, do we know what exactly the Indian Penal Code is and how it works? Indian Penal Code forms the base of the Indian criminal justice system. It is a document that has been formulated to keep a check on all criminal activities.
F.I.R. implies to First Information Report. It is generally a document in which the information about the commission of a crime is recorded. The Police receive and record the information at the first point. Therefore, it is known as First Information Report.
When you take your morning newspaper from the doorstep and settle down to read, you will find that incidents pertaining to honor killings in India are either in the headlines or in the pages thereafter every day. Lets face an ugly truth about the Indian society - honor killings are rising day by day despite stringent Indian laws.
Guidelines for arrests are rarely followed in most countries. The horrifying accounts of how brutally arrested persons are treated by the police once they are in their custody is common knowledge in India. We know that being arrested is equivalent to being tortured and forced to admit to crimes that we may not even have dreamed of. For the same reasons, it is essential to understand the guidelines for arrests.