Criminal Law in India

Criminal Law in India

Being a melting pot of various cultures, traditions, religions and ethnicities, India is prone to conflicts and clashes among people who come from various backgrounds. Even some states are at loggerheads with each other over the division of state-specific interests and resources. Take the example of the Naxal hit areas, which will give us a clear understanding of burgeoning crime and law-breaking within the democratic set up. To keep a check on breach of law, the evolution of criminal law in India became necessary and this was solved by the enactment of the Indian Penal Code.

Criminal Law in India: The Indian Penal Code

Criminal Law in IndiaThe Indian Penal Code is a comprehensive document covering various criminal laws in India, including the punishments to be given to and penalties to be levied on criminals. Every person of Indian origin comes under the purview of the IPC with the exception of military or the armed forces. The IPC is applicable to all the Indian states, including Jammu and Kashmir.

The IPC has the power to charge Indian citizens who commit crimes on any means of transport that belongs to India, such an aircraft or an Indian ship.

The foremost draft of the Indian Penal Code was prepared in the 1860s. Following this, the IPC has gone through numerous amendments during which various changes and jurisdiction clauses were incorporated into it. There are 511 sections in the IPC and each section talks about a specific category of crimes carried out by persons of Indian origin. For instance, some sections are dedicated to crimes related to dowry. Thus, the Indian Penal Code can be called the most solid foundation on which criminal law in India is interpreted by the country’s judiciary.

Final Legal Take Away Tip: A number of sections of the IPC had to be altered due to flaws in them and the pressure exercised by human rights activists. For instance, section 377 covering the rights of the sexual minorities was altered. Even after a number of alterations in criminal law in India, crimes continue to be on the rise. One of the biggest problems facing the implementation of criminal law in India is corruption that affects the delivery of action, implementation and interpretation.
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