There are several inconsistencies in Indian law, regarding the definition of a child and the actual scope of child rights. As per criminal law in India, a child is a minor who is below the age of 18 years. The Age of Majority Act 1875 stipulates that an Indian citizen shall attain adulthood, only on attaining the age of 18 years, unless otherwise suggested by any personal law. This Act intends to bring uniformity in the applicability of various Indian laws to people of different religions.
Child labor statistics in India is shocking and presents a serious human right issue for the whole world. The 2001 census conducted by the Indian government estimated 12.6 million child labourers under the age of 14 while NGOs and agencies estimate the number to be much higher - 50 million!
The problem of child labour is a serious one. Imagine little children under the age of fourteen who are working in hazardous environments such as making fireworks with their bare little hands when they should be playing or learning concepts in school like other children.