Indian laws on accident claims are quite stringent. The laws were formulated by prioritizing the best interests of the victims and those who are liable to disburse the compensation, such as insurance companies. Indian laws on motor vehicle accident claims are strict but beneficial for victims in claiming their legal rights in a court of law.
Education is every citizen’s legal right. In India, a majority of girls are not given education by their families. In South India, this problem is particularly high in the state of Karnataka. To solve this, the Government of India will launch the Saakshar Bharat scheme in Karnataka to curb female illiteracy. To start with, this scheme will cover Karnataka’s 17 districts, that have low female literacy rates.
The Malaysian government upheld the legal right of women to be treated equal to men in their spheres of work by appointing two women judges. Suraya Ramli, who is 31 years old, was designated as a Sharia judge in Putrajaya. Rafidah Abdul Razak, 39 years old, was appointed as Sharia judge in Kuala Lumpur. The appointments were cleared by the Prime Minister, Najib Razak. In Malaysia, Islamic courts run parallel with the civil courts. Under Malaysia’s judicial system, the Shariah courts address issues pertaining to the family and morality while criminal and civil cases are handled by the secular courts.
On 15th July 2010, the Vatican (the central governing body of the Catholic Church, recognized by international law) stated that the ordination of woman catholic priests is a crime, against faith. It also issued a statement saying that henceforth, the incidents of attempted ordination will be addressed by Vatican’s disciplinary body, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
The status of Indian women has undergone considerable change. Though Indian women are far more independent and aware of their legal rights, such as right to work, equal treatment, property and maintenance, a majority of women remain unaware of these rights. There are other factors that affect their quality of life such as age of marriage, extent of literacy, role in the family and so on. In many families, women do not have a voice in anything while in several families; the women may have a dominating role. The result is that the empowerment of women in India is highly unbalanced and with huge gaps. Those who are economically independent and literate live the kind of life that other women tend to envy about. This disparity is also a cause for worry because balanced development is not taking place.
As per the Constitution of India, every citizen has the right to education and procreation, though not necessarily both at one go. In an interesting twist of events, almost like something out of a film, on July 13, 2010, the Delhi High Court ruled that a pregnant woman student cannot be barred from taking examinations in any semester, due to attendance shortage. The court directed the Delhi University and Bar Council of India, to relax the strict attendance rules, for students who are unable to attend classes, due to pregnancy.
The migrant workers in China form a massive workforce, which has contributed to half of China’s gross domestic product. However, the recent incidents of suicides among these workers at China’s Foxconn factories drew public attention, to their plight. These migrant workers in China are often deprived of their legal rights. They are forced to endure random dismissals, long working hours and unsafe working conditions. These workers who migrate in search of livelihood remain marginalized.
Often we read in newspapers, incidents of torture and abuse of gay couples, leading to gay rights violations. About 80 countries in the world still consider homosexuality as a crime. In many of these countries, human rights violations have made it difficult for gays and homosexuals to lead normal life. They are often given harsh punishments and blamed for indecency and corrupting people’s morals. India legal news had reported how a gay couple in Malawi was sentenced for 14 years of imprisonment, by a Malawian court. However, there are several countries that have gay-friendly laws too.
Finland has officially become the first nation in the world, to make broadband connectivity a legal right. Every Finn will now be legally entitled to access 1Mbps broadband connection. The new law provides that all telecommunication companies will be liable to provide all citizens with broadband connections, with a speed of minimum 1Mbps. It is estimated that 96 percent of the country’s total population, already has internet access. Around 4, 000 residences still need internet connection to comply with the law. Further, the government has committed to connect every residence to a 100Mbps connection by 2015.
Legal rights of citizens include the right to live with dignity as enshrined in the Constitution of India. This includes the legal right to have food. Now, if you visit a food outlet in India, you will definitely be surprised at the huge number of customers gathered there, enjoying food over conversation. Yet, nobody can deny the fact that a significant proportion of India’s population remains too poor to afford such a luxury.