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Constitution of India: Is Pre-Censorship Legally Valid?

The Constitution of India grants citizens with the right of freedom of expression. However, censorship implies some form of restriction on speech, action or communication because it is considered harmful and objectionable by the authorized agency of the government. This has come under criticism from liberal thinkers, actors, authors, artists and others from across the world. Acclaimed Indian directors have constantly objected to any form of censorship in movies, books and artistic works.

In May 2010, the acclaimed political film Raajneeti faced censorship related difficulty as the censor board remained unsure of whether to give the movie a U or U/A certificate. There was also an allegation that the title of the movie had been lifted though Jha was quick to assert that he had registered the title five years back.  For most artists and movie makers, censorship is an arbitrary, policing tool used by the government to crush their bold endeavors to entertain the public. Let's have a look at the cases relating to pre-censorship.